Bad breath? Tender or swollen gums? Loose or separating teeth? What do they have in common? All are symptoms of periodontal disease. Now that may sound scary, and in some case it can be, but we made a quick list of things you can do to learn more and avoid periodontal disease (AKA gum disease).
- Remove the plaque from your teeth and gums every day with proper brushing and flossing.
- Choose right products to clean your teeth.
- Visit your dentist regularly because daily cleaning will help keep calculus formation to a minimum, but it won’t completely prevent it.
- Get teeth cleaned professionally at least twice a year ( most insurances cover it ).
- Don’t ignore any warning signs.
- If you are over 55, you have higher chances to get gum disease. Visit your dentist if you see any warning sign.
- Remember that prevention is better than cure.
More About Periodontal Diseases (Gum Disease)
Periodontal (gum) diseases, which also includes gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss or future gum problems. The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth at once. You can tell when it begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.
In the mildest form of the disease, gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort and you may not even notice it which is why it is so common. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with dental treatment and good oral home care. When gingivitis goes untreated it can advance to periodontitis disease. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
Recognizable symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Persistent bad breath.
- Gums that bleed easily, such as during brushing or flossing. Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth. Pus between the teeth and gums, Loose or separating teeth. A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite. And a sore or irritation in your mouth that does not get better within two weeks. None of which sound enjoyable, if you are worried you are past the prevention stage, contact Serene Dental for appointments and questions.
There are many forms of periodontal disease. The most common ones include the following:
Aggressive Periodontitis–A form of periodontitis that occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
Chronic Periodontitis–A form of periodontal disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is recognized as the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age.
Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Diseases–Periodontitis, often with onset at a young age, associated with one of several systemic diseases, such as diabetes.
Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases–An infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly found in individuals with systemic conditions.
About the doctor:
Dr. Sapana Majmudar is one of the top dentist in Fremont, CA. Her clinic, Serene Dental, serves Fremont and the surrounding cities of Newark, Union City, Hayward, Milpitas, Pleasanton, Dublin and San Jose. We have been known for quality dental care and customer satisfaction for more than 20 years. The services include complete family dentistry, orthodontics, cosmetics, pediatric, periodontics, restorative, implants, preventive dental care and much more. Serene Dental is located on Mowry Ave, near 880, next to Wells Fargo Bank in Fremont, CA.